In a diverse nation like India with a plethora of contradictions and complexities, environmental sustainability is a major issue that deserves mention. With the ever increasing population that is constitutive of a good 16% of the world population, there is a continuous stress on the natural resources. Tremendous pressure on the natural resources is resulting in widespread degradation that could lead to serious repercussions in the near future with almost no resources left for the future generations.
A sustainable environment is one in which all the water resources including ocean, fresh water seas and land and air reserves are in perfect harmony with the economic models of progress.
Stress on Resources
Overuse rather careless use of resources in the recent past has lead to problems like desertification and soil-depletion that has had serious ramifications on the lives of many people. This has even lead to changing rainfall patterns and droughts in certain areas. Therefore, what we witness is an incessant stress on cultivable and forest resources and depleting natural resources. The water table is undergoing a sea-change and the level may go down considerably in the times to come.
Suggestions for overcoming challenges
A sustainable environment would lead to a healthier and happier atmosphere around. The flora and fauna would flourish leading to greater environmental sustainability. Water resource development is one of the steps that can be taken in this regard. This could be undertaken along with contour trenching and conservation of natural springs to name a few.
Efforts should be made to convert barren land into productive areas by employing eco-friendly techniques. More bio-fertilisers should be promoted.
Animal and vegetative biodiversity should be preserved. This should be done by spreading awareness among villagers and farmers employed in the same. Crop management including crop rotation that ensures a high fertility of the land should be promoted and so is forest management.
The times are changing therefore environmental sustainability should be in sync with the times. This necessarily implies the use of renewable sources of energy over coal and other already-under stress depleting energy resources.
Pollution should be kept under check to the maximum level possible. Education and awareness should be spread among people to keep a tab on the pollution radar.
The marine life should be preserved at all costs from the hazards of over-fishing and water pollution through industries and factories. Agricultural activities should not harm the natural forest reserves. At the same time, a judicious use of fossil fuels is highly recommended.
The habitats of birds and animals should be protected from human interference at all costs. Only this could check the drastic rate of their extinction.
A sustainable environment aims at preserving natural resources for the future generations while ensuring judicious use by the current generations. In the commercialised world, it is also the duty of every citizen to contribute as much as he/she can because every little thing counts. This is where the corporates too need to step in and do whatever they can to replenish the resources they too need.