Introduction To The Polyester Fabric
Polyester is a 20th Century synthetic fiber derived from Coal, Air, Water, and Petroleum. It is formed from a chemical reaction between an acid and alcohol. There are two types of polyester: PET, which is polyethylene terephthalate, and PCDT, which is poly-1, 4-cyclohexylene-dimethylene terephthalate. The fibers can be formed from very long molecules, which make the yarn stable, & strong. Almost 40% of the world’s production of polyester is directly used to make Polyester Yarn. There are three types of polyester yarn: Textured, filament and spun. The main properties of polyester are in textiles to produce Polyester Yarns. Polyester is found in different forms in textiles. Polyester filament yarns are used in knitting & weaving to make polyester fabrics such as consumer fabrics and home furnishings like curtains, bedsheets, bedspreads, and draperies. Similarly, Polyester high tenacity industrial yarns can be used to make ropes, conveyor belts, and safety belts & tire fabric. Apart from textiles is also used to make the polyester film, insulation tapes, strapping, and several other daily use items. The United States of America first introduced it in 1951. It soon became the fastest-growing fiber. By 1960, this easy to maintain permanent press fabric made polyester double knits extremely popular. But it was only until 1990 that this form of fabric re-entered the market in an improved form as they introduced polyester fiber called microfiber. It was this fiber that had luxurious and versatile silk-like qualities.
Characteristics of Polyester
- Polyester Fabrics & Fibers are extremely durable in nature and possess a high tensile strength
- They are resistive to most chemicals, stretching, shrinking, abrasion-resistant, and even wrinkle-resistant
- Polyester by nature is hydrophobic and dries quickly. It is also used for insulating by manufacturing hollow fibers.
- Amongst many other utilizes, Polyester is used for outdoor clothing and covering since it retains its shape in all types of weather.
Advantages of Polyester Fabrics & Yarn
- Polyester clothing is quite hassle-free and can be easily washed and dry-cleaned.
- Due to its high tenacity and strength, Polyester is also used for making ropes for industrial purposes.
- Such diverse properties help make it a universal fabric to create many more families of popular Polyester Fabrics in India.
Polyester Fabrics from Shahlon
Shahlon Industries is the second-largest manufacturer of synthetic fabrics especially Polyester Fabrics in India. It was incorporated in 1984 with just 12 traditional power looms in Surat and has expanded today into a twisting, sizing, texturizing, weaving, industrial fabric, parachute fabric, garments, medical garments, work wears, and textile parks.
Shahlon Industries manufactures a variety of synthetic fabrics which include: Crepes, Georgettes, Satin, Poly Jersey, Roto Tex, Chiffon, Suede, Viscose Crepe & Polyester Net. These fabrics are available in various colors, textures, prints, blends, and designs which are used for various applications for both suiting and suiting for industrial purposes. Further, test results in the past have proved that Polyester Fabrics are when exposed to high temperatures or even de-ionized water, they do not lose their strength.